September 13, 2016


    Last Year (2015) August 28st
    Present Year (2016) September 13th
    Next Year (2017) September 4th


    Onam is a religious festival of Hindus. It is majorly celebrated in the state of Kerala with most number of cultural elements such as Thumbi Thullal, Vallam Kali, Pulikali, Onapottan, Pookkalam, Onathappan, Onavillu, Kazhchakkula, Atthachamayam and much more. It is the biggest festival celebrated in Kerala and is considered as the harvest festival.

    When It Is Celebrated?

    The celebrations for this festival begin during the month of Chingam which is the first month of Malayalam i.e in the month of August –September. Oman is celebrated to remember and offer prayers to Vamana avatar of Vishnu and the return of the mythical King Mahabali from Patala or the underworld. It is celebrated in the form of carnival and the celebrations last for four to ten days.

    How It Is Celebrated?

    The celebrations are carried for ten days. The first day of celebration is called Atham and Thiruvonam is the last and tenth day of. People of Kerala celebrate Onam with full enthusiasm and spirit. They carry out the celebration in the best possible manner. A grand feast called Onasadya is prepared on Thiruonam which is a nine-course meal consisting of eleven to thirteen important dishes. It is served on banana leaves and people sit on a mat to have the meal. On the tenth and last day of Onam festival Atthachamayam which is a Royal Parade is carried out on Atham Day in Thripunithara which is a suburb of Kochi City. The parade is colorful and symbolizes all the cultural elements of Kerala with more than 50 floats and 100 tableaux. Vamanamoorthy Thrikkakara temple within Kochi City is the main center of the festival which is believed to be the ancient capital of King Mahabali. The temple is devoted to Lord Vamana and is directly linked to the mythological background of Onam. Thiruvathira, Kummattikali, Thumbi Thullal, Pulikali, and many other types of traditional dances are performed. Just as we install Ganesh murtis during Ganesh Chaturthi, people of Kerala install an image of Thrikkakara Appan or Onatthappan (Vishnu in the form of Vamana) in their home. Onakkodi – a tradition of buying and wearing new clothes is commonly practiced during the festival. In the front of temples, a Palmyra tree is erected and surrounded with a wooden balustrade and enclosed with dry palmyra leaves. It is lit with a torch and burned to ashes to signify that King Mahabali went to Patala as a sacrifice.