The nation of Billions has great taste with the mouth watering delicious spicy dishes. They love to cook, they love to eat and they love to feed even more. However, India is facing a big challenge with their food habit. Health issues are being increased day by day in the country. Most of the common disease such as diabetic, blood pressure, cholesterol, overweight or obesity is caused by lifestyle and food habits.
With our bad food habits, people also waste a lot. A group of people suffers from eating and other groups of people starve to death. Prime Minister Modi expressed his concern about food wastage. The NDA government is preparing to fix portion sizes of dishes served in star hotels and restaurants. While the Prime Minister is worried about food habits, people don’t seem to be too bothered about what and how much they eat or how it affects their life in the long run.
We know our life is always on the go. We can’t sit a second to give some time to ourselves so that we can take care of us. The majority can’t get time to cook at home. Either they end up in a branded fast food stall or in an average restaurant.
Basically, most of the people are eating unhealthy food. Over the years, food habits have also changed. Instead of dal-sabzi, people prefer to eat pizzas, burgers or spicy chicken at food outlets. Complex carbs have been replaced by refined foods and oil. Water intake has been replaced by beverages rich in sugar and chemicals. People are eating fewer cereals, replacing them with more fat and snacks.
Higher consumption of alcohol and aerated beverages is another major factor for obesity.
Doctors advise concentrating on a balanced diet with moderate regular exercise instead of spending more time in the gym. Burning off a barfi after a meal needs 30 minutes of brisk walking.
Just one pizza along with an aerated drink and a couple of sweets fulfils the requirement of total calories required per day.
People who lead a light and sedentary lifestyle category require 1,500 to 1,800 calories per day. Those who are in field jobs and exercise require 2,000 to 2,200 calories per day, and people who are into heavier work such as rickshaw pullers or construction workers need at least 3,000 to 3,200 calories.
Fast and processed food contains lots of salt, sugar and saturated unhealthy fats. Regular and overconsumption of this food make us fat and prone to diseases.
Proteins, considered the body’s building block and a repair agent, should be consumed at about 1 gm/kg of a person’s weight. Indians consume excess starch and fat but less protein. Around 50-60 percent of vegetarians and 10 per cent of non-vegetarian patients coming to us for dietary counselling have the protein deficiency. They are aged 25-47. About 40 per cent of patients suffer from the deficiency of micronutrients such as potassium, zinc, iron, magnesium and vitamins.