Smart Cities is an urban renewal mission in India backed by the Government of India. The mission is intended to develop 100 cities all over the country based sustainable and citizen friendly infrastructure. The idea is to develop towns in large cities, and modernize the existing medium sized cities.
A 100 potential cities were nominated for this. These were chosen by the Union Territories. The city plans were evaluated for prioritizing in terms of financing for each. The evaluation led to 20 cities funded more than the rest for the years 2015 and 2016; the rest of the cities were to make up these deficiencies in the time to come, where 40 cities at a time will follow.
Planned Features for Smart Cities in India
Smart cities are supposed to have proper basic infrastructure, so as to get a good head start on quality of life. Power and water supply, solid waste management and sanitation, public transport, urban mobility, and strong IT connectivity all fall under the features of the Smart cities.
The government states that a successful Smart city is one that focuses on the most pressing needs and takes this great chance to improve lives with the help of technology. The city must tap into all approaches it can to make a difference in the urban living, and most importantly prioritize the well being of the residents of the city first.
A total sum of 980 billion Indian rupees has been granted by the Indian Cabinet for the development of the smart cities. For this mission 480 billion rupees are reserved for the 100 cities; the rest are meant for 500 different cities, separate from the Smart 100.
In 2014 the Finance Minister of India allocated 70.16 billion rupees for 100 Smart Cities. Only 9.24 billion are to be spent till February 2015. The first 10 cities that were chosen received 2 billion each, with 1 billion allocated to be spent on them in the following 3 years. The rest of the money comes from consortium, urban bodies, and the states. Only 10 percent of budget allocation is given to states and union territories with incentive dependent on how much they are to achieve.
The government plans to maintain and improve environment by ensuring sustainable development through steps like the following.
- The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy plans to add the capacity of 30,000 MW through the entire five year plan.
- Water distribution is to be regulated, so will sanitation.
- The Indian Ministry of Water Resources has decided to put in 50 billion USD in the sector.
- Around 67% of the rural population goes on to defecate in the open, where India accounts for only 50% of the world’s defecation.
- World Bank and the Indian Government both have decided to sign 500 million USD credit for RWSS project in states like Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, and Assam.