India is the biggest economy in the world, and also the biggest democracy in the world. This makes it obvious that the country would have the most political parties anywhere. Fun fact: In the elections held in 2014, nearly 700 million Indians voted for 26 candidates, who were competing for 543 constituency seats.
Elections take place on different levels. The two primary election levels are the ones that are held at national level, from here the national government is established, followed by the creation of state government. Then elections are held for councils of towns, cities, and villages.
Political debates in Indian politics vary. Some of them are discussed at national level, others occur on regional level. Some communities demand more social and economical rights for minorities. Some political parties fight for autonomy of their culture within the states of India.
Then there are parties that demand autonomous states inside the IU (Indian Union). There are also some parties that demand to be independent of the country, as a nation of their own. While the country may have its fair share of unsolved problems, India survives as a state with great democratic character.
The Different Political Parties in India
There are two main types of political setup in the country: the national level parties, and the state level parties. National parties participate in different elections all over India; State parties are regional and are free to participate in different election as long as they are within the state. India also has small communist groups who can campaign with a state. Certain states have more than one regional party, for instance the AIADMK, and the Tamil Nadu.
Indian Constitutional Framework
Indian politics are guided by principles laid down in the constitution that defines all aspects of the political system of the country. Besides helping structure and build the function of a government at state, local, and central level, the regulations stated in the constitution are used as reference to deal with many other aspects of Indian politics.
All journalists are protected by rights that are guaranteed in Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights. At the time of the elections, all journalists have the right to talk with all political parties and candidates. This power extends to politicians and parties who have powerfully opposed the government. This also extends to politicians and parties who oppose the government.
The importance and power of media in a democracy has always been well recognized. The Article 19 of the constitution of India shows freedom of speech and expression inclusive of Freedom of Press. A pluralistic society like that of India has free media as one of its cornerstones. The media is not only responsible in building views and opinions but also being instrumental for receiving views on different topics regarding the national or state agenda.