“We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.” – Albert Einstein
The mother of history, India, holds a very special place in ancient and modern history. A nation so diverse yet so advanced in almost every field of tradition, science, spirituality, and humanity, India is the very cradle of modern day civilization that continues to inspire the bright minds of different ages.
A little known fact about India is that is it home to the oldest, continuous, and largest civilization in the world. Yet, in its history of more than 10,000 years, the nation has never invaded any country, but has always embraced other civilizations and nations with open arms. Let’s go on a journey to discover what India was and is today and what makes it one of the modern greats of the world!
India is home to one of the three major civilizations of the Bronze Age (3300 BC – 1700 BC), the Indus Valley Civilization, which settled on the bays of river Indus. The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the pioneers of infrastructure, irrigation, metal work, and arts. While the civilization eventually succumbed to fate; Varanasi, otherwise known as Benares, became one of the biggest ancient cities during Lord Buddha’s visit in 500 BC. Since then, the city has been continuously inhabited, even to this day.
Throughout history, various civilizations have inhibited India and brought their unique culture and perspective to the region. From Alexander the Great to the Mughal Empire and the British Raj, India has gone through many years of transition. Despite that, the culture, heritage, and essence of the native population remains as prevalent today as it was 10,000 years ago!
Another little known fact about India is that it is home to the world’s first university, established in 700 BC in Takshashila. At its peak, the university accommodated over 11,000 students and offered 60 exclusive subjects. This was followed by the University of Nalanda which was built in 4 BC and came to be known as one of the greatest achievements in education in the world at that time.
Ayurveda is also considered as the earliest medicinal school in the world and has its roots in India. Derived from Charaka, Ayurveda is an ancient form of medicine that is gaining ground in today’s healthcare industry. But that’s not all, as Sushruta, an ancient form of surgery, was also common in India in the past. Modern surgical practices are now inspired by the Sushruta that made use of anesthesia and discovered more than 125 surgical instruments. India is also still popular to this day in the field of anatomy, physiology, genetics, and more.
In fact, India holds a special place in the hearts of millions of people at home and abroad. Discovering India is like going on a journey of many millennia with mounting evidence that proves that it is one of the forefathers of the modern-day world. Keep a tab on our blog for more great reads on what makes India great!